Credit assignment to Research Master students and PhD candidates


RM = Research Master
RM1 = First year Research Master = students who have followed less than 2 semesters of RM education
RM2 = Second year Research Master = students who have followed at least 2 semesters of RM education
ECTS = credits according to the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System.

Types of courses

The LOT winter schools offer two types of courses: (A) courses specifically designed for first year RM students (RM1 courses), and (B) regular courses. The RM1 courses involve more homework and assignments. The regular courses are open for everyone except RM1 students. During their studies, RM students can earn 10 ECTS by participating in both types of courses, typically by doing a one-week winter school with RM1 courses and a two-week school with regular courses.

RM1 courses

RM1-courses are aimed specifically at RM1-students. If you are not an RM1-student, and you want to participate in an RM1-course, please see here. Most RM1 classes have a limited number of participants. Registration is on a first come, first serve basis. Students can earn 5 ECTS by participating in two RM1 courses. LOT will send each student a certificate for each RM1 course that has been completed for 2.5 ECTS each. In order to earn this certificate, the student needs to:

  • (i) do the required preparations for the course
  • (ii) participate in all five sessions of the course (10 hours)
  • (iii) do the homework assignments during that week (10 hours)
  • (iv) complete the final assignment after the course (i+iv=50 hours).

Evaluation will be on a pass/fail basis. There are no repair exams for students who failed the class. They will have to make up for missed credits by participating in another class in another LOT school.

Procedure: teachers will get the list of registered students when registration closes. At that point (approximately four weeks before the start of the school), they will send the preparatory assignment to the students via e-mail. Students hand in this assignment on day 1 of the course. The course assistants keep track of submission of the preparatory assignment. During the week, teachers provide the students with homework assignments. Teachers check/discuss these in class. The course assistants keeps track of presence. On Friday, the teacher distributes the final assignment. The deadline for handing in the final assignment by the student is four weeks after the end of the class. Students send their assignments directly to the teacher. Teachers then have two weeks to grade the final assignment. Teachers send their evaluations to LOT. At most 8 weeks after the end of the class, the students who passed will receive their LOT certificate from the LOT office. The credits are also collected at the institutional level, and sent to the contact person for the RM Linguistics programme at each university. The credits are to be signed off by the student’s home university towards the completion of the MA degree.

The eight RM1 courses are distributed over the two weeks of the LOT winter school. Participants can sign up for a maximum of two RM1 courses per week, and no more than two per school.

For second year RM students and PhD students participating in RM1 courses:

Most RM1 classes have a limited number of participants. First-year students have priority for these courses, but second year RM students and PhD students can follow them as well. Registration for these courses through the LOT website is not possible for second year RM/PhD students. They should email the LOT-coordinator to be put on the waiting list ( When registration closes, LOT will inform them whether they can be placed.

The eight RM1 courses are distributed over the two weeks of the LOT winter school. Participants can sign up for a maximum of two RM1 courses per week, and no more than two per school in total.

Please note: If second year RM students/PhD students participate in RM1 courses, they should follow the rules outlined above for first year students in order to earn a 2.5 ECTS certificate. It is not possible to take the RM1 courses as a regular course (see below). Participants who do not submit the preparatory assignment, or the homework assigned during the week of the LOT school can be refused entrance to the class, and will not receive any credit.

Regular courses

Regular courses are aimed specifically at PhD- and RM2-students. RM1-students cannot normally attend a regular course. Ask your RM-coordinator if you need help. LOT and the institutes participating in LOT agreed that RM2-students can earn 5 ECTS for participation in the LOT school. In order to receive these 5 ECTS, the student must meet the following requirements:

  • The student should attend three (regular) LOT school courses over a period of two weeks.
  • The student should be present at all (normally five) sessions. Course assistants keep track of presence. Before the school starts, the student should complete the readings for the first two courses. This preparation will take about one week per course. Students receive a LOT certificate of 1 ECTS for each class they attend and have prepared for; for three classes this amounts to 3 ECTS.
  • The student writes a paper about the topic of one of the regular LOT-courses for 2 ECTS. See the next paragraph for more information about this paper:


In order to receive 2 extra ECTS for your participation during a LOT-school, a student can write a paper for a regular course. Papers can only be marked by a LOT affiliated teacher (that is, a teacher from one of the LOT-institutes). Not all students are allowed to write a paper via LOT, and the requirements for the papers differ per university. Therefore, please direct questions regarding these papers to your local coordinator.

If a student is allowed to write a paper via LOT, the student has to contact the LOT teacher during the LOT school to discuss the content and set-up of the paper. The paper has a minimum length of 10 pages. For further requirements, ask your local RM-coordinator.

The deadline for submitting a paper is set at 4 weeks after the end of the LOT school. Papers must be sent directly to the marking teacher. The teacher then has 2 weeks to assess the work, and informs the LOT office of the outcome (pass/fail). If the paper fails, there is no possibility for the student to revise and resubmit. If the paper passes, the LOT office sends a certificate for 2 ECTS to the student's RM-coordinator.