Sharon Unsworth (Radboud University) will give the next UiL-OTS Colloquium on Thursday 21 November, 2019 at 15.30 pm.
Cross-linguistic influence in bilingual children: when, how much and why does it occur?
The consensus in the bilingual first language acquisition literature is that there is separate development of the two languages. However, there is also clear evidence that one language may influence the other (Paradis & Genesee, 1996). This cross-linguistic influence (CLI) varies across linguistic domains, language combinations and children, and several language-level and individual-level factors have been invoked to explain this variation (see Serratrice, 2013 for review). Which of these factors constitute necessary and/or sufficient conditions for CLI and the exact mechanisms underlying CLI remain unknown, however.
In this talk, I will report on the first results from a 5-year project in which we try to arrive at a better understanding of these issues by drawing on insights from the bilingual adult psycholinguistic literature (e.g., Hartsuiker et al., 2004). Our central hypothesis (see Serratrice 2014, 2015) is that CLI in bilingual children is driven by (structural) priming and reflects cross- language sharing. Consequently, we predict that CLI should be predicted by individual-level, contextual, and language-level factors which affect the magnitude of co-activation and priming in adults, namely language exposure, use and proficiency, language mode, and surface overlap (e.g., Bernolet et al., 2007; Elson-Güttler et al., 2005; Kootstra et al., 2010; Poort et al, 2015; Van Hell & Tanner, 2012).
Location and Time
Drift 21 – Sweelinckzaal
21 November 2019, 15:30 pm, followed by drinks